Landscape infrastructures

ISO TR 37150 technical report reviews the community infrastructure along the lines of community functions described in table below.

Layers of a community

Basic functions of community infrastructure appear to support the other two levels, and cultural landscapes have a major connection to water supply, transportation, and to a lesser extent management of green waste.

Water is at the origin of the history of the territory of the Grand Parc Miribel Jonage, which handles a great multiplicity of uses: it is especially a source of drinking water, and a flow area to fight against floods, which also led to the establishment of safeguards for the preservation of biodiversity, but also a raising, industrial activity with gravel extraction, that is disappearing today, and recreation place for eastern Lyon residents. Formation of the Grand Parc Miribel Jonage comes from the construction of Miribel channel to improve navigation conditions in the 1850s. After 1890 it was the turn of the Jonage canal to be built, enabling the creation at this time, of the most powerful French hydroelectric plant. From 1950, control of the Rhone river will allow to exploit the site’s assets: 3,000 hectares free of urbanization on the outskirts of the town, abundant and pure underground water, a favorable framework for economic activities and pleasant scenery. Created in 1968, the SYMALIM (joint association for development of the Grand Parc Miribel Jonage) gradually acquires land and plans development at a steady pace, allowing the creation of large bodies of water for recreation. In 1988, an emergency pumping station is created in the main lake, so that the metropolitan area has an alternative source of drinking water.

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Water in Grand Parc Miribel Jonage, vital infrastructure for the city of Lyon (photo Alticime)

According to Cerema, « sanitation devices may constitute amenities opportunities conducive to the development of biodiversity and diversification of the urban landscape… ». These adjustments may be composed of a mosaic of environments such as ponds, swamps, ponds, wet meadows. In well-designed operations, residents can rather perceive recreational aspects and improvements of their living environment than water treatment feature. Park San Vicens, created in 2009 from a local consultation process, is thus an excellent example of pooling uses with the provision of public scenery in a storm water management dedicated lake. It contributes to actions for climate change adaptation in the city of Perpignan urban nature development plan. Although of recent design, it now has a relatively mature aspect considering tree and shrub wealth. The choice of Mediterranean species is favorable to local biodiversity, as well as the presence of the basin and a flood meadow mown once a year. The primary purpose of the site is to provide an outlet for rainwater in the city. To address the complexity of water management in the Mediterranean environment, with an oscillating water regime between period of summer drought and autumn floods, bias has been to rely more on the resilience of the site that resistance. The hydraulic device consists of a holding tank of rainwater, completed by a flooded meadow in heavy water. The device appears to work very well. But first of all, this green area of 6.5 ha is a place for intergenerational urban nature services (playground, jogging path, shaded areas, pool, picnic area, areas accessible to bikes …). Pontoons and walkways wooden path of the San Vicens Park are accessible to people with reduced mobility. In addition, decks are locally produced, using larch., and from timber production to sawmill, all gateways were provided locally. Moreover, during the creation of the park and ponds, all the materials were reused on the site, to frame views and form different moods.

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Circulations around water park in San Vicens, Perpignan

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