Participant number : 258
Start date : 14th of April, 2014
End date : 17th of May, 2014
This survey was to understand the initial stakeholders perceptions on landscape towards a conclusion of the needs and expectations on current landscape management practice. It was created on Soorvey.com and shared on social networks. First questions intended to stakeholders typology, their interactions with landscape, and a first approach to the threats identified. The last, open, question, was to gather the needs, expectations and suggestions related to landscape issues.
On this last interrogation, many of the participants suggest new types of management are needed for and better understanding of landscapes in city and town planning. To translate this we have transcribed terminology in a wordcloud where the most quoted words appear larger. In analysing several proposals within a social representation study framework (Abric, 2003),
participants seem to give more importance to respecting and preserving the existing as natural landscapes elements, features and of course historical structure heritage – Conservation. A lot of people relate to living standards, quality of life and wellbeing, particularly in the city, with a desire towards harmonisation between green space and concrete. The urban question is a major concern in our survey, due to the majority of participants from city.
Agriculture presents an important issue with requests to develop local markets particularly in suburban areas. « Awareness » and « dialogue » often appear with a desire to invest in planning towards creating a stronger identity; a cultural value to preserve and maintain. The public want to be better informed. Professionals want to be more on line with politicians and land managers. The creation of a tool for professionals and public to be better and more easily informed about current and future planning aims to respond to those wishes. All those points are detailled below through sustainable landscape management issues.
Governance appears as a critical factor for landscape management. Enforced support for developers is requested by landscape professionals with consideration to laws, regulations and existing planing in project management. The economy must be a lever to combine social and environmental economics. Recommendations should be taken at different political levels. Local stakeholders are in demand of an information system on local projects in progress.
Climate issues and natural risks
Climate change is perceived negatively and is recognized to have more frequent repercussions. Adjustment of management methods according to climate change and natural risks is expected.
Energy and green house gas
Transition to green and renewable energy is supposed to be more economically viable and more environmentally friendly. Fight against of air pollutants emissions is suggested, with compensation (tree planting,…) from « polluters ».
Biodiversity and resources
Landscape is seen as a resource for biodiversity, essential to insure ecosystem functions and natural regulation. People sigh after lost mosaïc landscapes, but agree landscape
evolve and are dynamics. Habitat connection is thought to be essential to ecological functions and to its preservation is plebiscited, whether remarkable or ordinary. Wetland developement and preservation are particularly mentioned for maintenance of biodiversity
Strong second issue is related to food resource with intensive agriculture perceived as an overuse of the environment. People mainly living in the city want short food circuits (AMAP) and agriculture around cities, togather with shared gardens.
Pollution is mentioned through noise, aesthetic of billboard and chemicals for plant protection. Pesticide free practices are expected to „get out of the spiral“.
Urbanization and nature in the city
Urbanization is seen as a major threats with a lack of harmonization between natural areas and buildings. „Destruction, eradication, transformations, lack of consistency“ are pejorative words related to urbanization. Urban density is one of the solution proposed.
Transport and infrastructures
People are waiting for new modes of transportation in and around cities with the use of soft mobility. Large transport infrastructure (airport, TGV) and negatively perceived as a source of damage to natural environments.
Social and heritage issues
Attachment to natural, cultural heritage and local territory is strong. Identity is linked to the notion of territory. Communication, information, awareness about landscape, biodiversity, are much needed as of major interest in our society. Landscape in itself is a place of leisure, of rich history and traditional knowledge and should be considered of general interest.
Landscape is seen as a source of well-being and as a welcoming, pleasant, aesthetic and quality place. It appeals to sensitivity and evokes a source of calm, beneficial leisure (walk) and relaxation.
The results are available in the file below :