Cet avis intègre 22 préconisations, déclinées autour de 5 axes :
• donner toute sa place à la nature dans les politiques publiques
• connaître et faire connaître les bienfaits de la nature en ville
• répondre aux besoins des habitants et accueillir la nature en ville
• faire de la nature un élément structurant de l’aménagement urbain
• contribuer à la solidarité de la ville avec son territoire
Selon Annabelle Jaeger, rapporteure pour la section Environnement du CESE, l’avis vise « à généraliser à l’ensemble des villes françaises de métropole et d’outre-mer une dynamique qui donne une meilleure place à la nature dans la ville et qui insère mieux la ville dans la nature »
Avec une place importante donnée aux bienfaits de la nature et du végétal en ville, des pistes concrètes sont proposées pour promouvoir la nécessité de créer ou préserver des espaces verts et bleus qualitatif et efficients pour la biodiversité, en s’appuyant, entre autres, sur les bonnes pratiques de villes pionnières.
Facilitating access to cultural landscape, as living and working environment, supports fair and equitable access to a high quality of life and working conditions that match the needs and expectations of interested parties (ISO 37101).
Farmers, landmanagers are providing ecosystem services including scenery, environmental services, or services for recreation activities. One of the Grand Parc Miribel Jonage mission is to facilitate access to those, in particular for people who might otherwise not have the means to access them. Thus, it reinforces its recreational facilities with for example, the renovation of three beach portions on the Atol’ sector dedicated to public enjoyment, and organizes, from spring, several events in new educational environmental center L’îloz’, around the discovery of the river Rhône and associated natural areas, on vegetable growth in the local garden, and on wild food discovery. Cultural Landscape Day organized in Grand Parc Miribel Jonage was also a nice way to address public participation with many game for children, craft workshops, story telling and musical happenings.
In Edessa, establishing green corridors contributes to a positive living and working environment. Participation of local people has been productive throughout the planning and execution of the project, to discuss uses of the three main city channels, one dedicated to art and culture, the second devoted to nature, and third dedicated to history. The master plan uses the old ways and traces (canals, green corridors) of the existing natural landscape with consolidation of the three main routes of the city, and their links with public spaces.
Channel A is dedicated to art and culture. The main objective of the design was to create a journey along the particular gateway that promotes cultural and artistic character of the city. This was achieved by a mixture of traditional installations and creation of modern art by involving local artists to the focal points on the course.
Channel B is devoted to nature. It was meant to create a new linear urban park that celebrates the richness and natural beauty of the area, recreation and education being strengthened along the walkway. This was achieved by preserving the existing natural character of the channel and by replacing existing hard materials (asphalt, cement) with local granite and materials respectful of the environment, to minimize the impact of the city of Edessa.
Channel C is dedicated to history. A bridge was fitted with a series of exhibition items and installations, which displays the history of Edessa (city in water). This path leads to the waterfalls of Edessa, which are key historical monuments. The design reflects the dynamism of water, preserving the existing natural character of the channel and designing flowing lines along the route of the canal or equipment (eg waving metal railings …).
« During consultation phase project many acceptability problems were encountered, particularly from the shops (shops moving, pedestrian areas, parking restrictions, …). Furthermore, the implementation and management of a new sustainable planning model raised doubts and questions as to whether the behaviors were willing to change and have to agree a new set of rules. However, this project demonstrates a growing awareness among civil society, private organizations and public authorities of the value of landscapes, and the ability to mobilize the active participation of stakeholders to assist in the identification and landscapes valuation » (source E-CLIC Challenge Learning Innovation Cooperation).