Living together, interdependence and mutuality entail the development of collective and collaborative lifestyles that produce mutual economic and social benefits in terms of inter and intra-generational equity and social mobility (source ISO 37101).
Landscape has an integrator and social role that can be highlighted in participatory gardens, and associated non-monetary exchanges (sharing services, plants, grains, etc.). Incredible Edible citizen participatory movement born in England, is disseminated today through the whole world, and drives young people to landscape, helping them find in public space the nature some are deprived.
Cultural landscapes may even cross borders, and Walls and Gardens seeks to promote and border history between France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Britain. These lands have indeed a density of fortified cities among the largest in Europe. Today, these architectural elements and past military areas are ideal places for relaxation, recreation, and natural sites of major ecological interest. Sustainable conservation of this specific heritages ensured with exchange of experiences between partners, inviting them to consider the notion of « border » and fortifications, border creation, impact on people, trade flows and evolving role. Indeed, the fortified cities, that marked yesterday the separation between states, are now a reconciling item to gather around the same heritage. Around « Landscape and ecological site management « and » interpretation, cultural development and tourism », the ambition is to contribute to :
- Reinforcing fortified sites role in protecting natural resources and biodiversity;
- Visitors awareness and involvement for the site respect and maintenance;
- Promotion of historical and ecological advantages of fortified sites;
- Networking experiences around new role and management of fortified sites;
- Promotion of the fortified city network to emphasize their attractivity;
- Contribution to international exchange of knowledge.
In Lesvos, citizens of Gera founded a non-profit organization to preserve regional olive trees forests, and contribute to social and economic development through the production of olives and agro-tourism. Facing land abandonment, loss of environmental and cultural value, and lack of competitiveness of the production of olive oil because of land sloping, non-irrigated field, the community has however rich ‘human capital’. Actors bridged together with other farmers and inhabitants in ‘Syn this allois‘ NGO and « MODOUSA » social enterprise, displaying that despite the distrust in ‘expert’ knowledge and ‘officials’, there are opportunities for collective actions that seek to conserve the landscape via productive olive field.